The olive tree appears in antiquity in various representations and depictions, in the myths and traditions, but also the history of the peoples of the Mediterranean.
The ancient Greeks, who were the ones to spread its use to the peoples of the Mediterranean, believed that the Sacred tree of abundance, a source of life and health, was planted by the Goddess Athena at the Acropolis, as an offer of a useful gift to the people.
Ever since, its fruit has been considered blessed and many legends, traditions and religious ceremonies were based on it.
According to the Christian tradition, it was the first tree to surface following the cataclysm of Noah, a modern life elixir, as it is also viewed today.
The archaeological pick-axe has revealed olive plantations in many Mediterranean countries in addition to Greece, while fossilized olive leaves have been discovered in the Dyros cave in the region of Mani, together with waste from other foodstuffs coming from the Neolithic people.